10,结合孩子的生活扩充Sight Words,让孩子有话能说

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结合孩子的生活扩充Sight Words,让孩子有话能说



在国内,英语启蒙的主要材料是儿歌童谣、分级读物、绘本动漫。这些材料所涉及的日常词汇、日常表达还是非常贫乏的。没有一定的词汇量,巧媳妇也难为无米之炊啊。
为了毛毛早点开口,有话能讲,能比较顺利地过渡到独立看动画片,绘本视频,毛爸妈对Sight Words进行了必要的扩充:
扩充一:结合自己的家庭环境及毛毛的爱好扩充日常主题名词;
扩充二:结合毛毛的年龄特征在词汇表中加进了幼儿特有的动作、表情、情绪等;
扩充三:加进了童话里经常出现的人物、善恶、品格等词汇,以便毛毛在看动画时听懂这些抽象词汇。
这些词汇是毛爸妈盯着毛毛的生活细节及读物逐步梳理出来的。毛爸妈发现只要掌握这个词汇表,就能满足毛毛基本表达的需要了。数了数这个词汇表大概有600来个词。
爸妈们要做的就是把这些词汇套到“第一话”的语法及句型中反复强化.这么点词汇,这么简单的语法及句型,对爸妈的英语水平的要求真的不高。
但是这些简单的词汇、句型和语法却是孩子英语起飞的基础。一旦掌握了这些基础,孩子的听说水平就接近英美国家3岁孩子的口语水平。从此,孩子们就可以通过儿歌童谣,绘本动漫来“磨耳朵”了。

一、礼貌日常用语:【good-bye, thank, please】
Thank you, you are welcome, see you later/tomorrow, good morning, good night, good evening, what’s up? What is the matter? It is very kind of you.
二、常用的主题词汇(名词)及其修饰语
数量:【one, two,three,four, five, six, seven, eight, ten, first, any, every, some, many, about,around】
nine, eleven,twelve, thirteen, fourteen, fifteen, twenty,a lot of, a little, so much, so many, too many, too much, all
颜色:【blue, red,yellow,black, brown, green, white】
purple, pink,orange
其他形容词:【big, little,funny,good, new, pretty, old, some, any, every,many, long, small, fast, far,light, cold, hot, warm, full, kind, better, best】as big as, so big,too big
身体部位及形容词:【head, eye,back, hand, feet, leg, long, right, big, small, little, pretty】short, left, tiny,strong, stronger,smaller,bigger, longer, shorter
hair, nose, ear,eyebrow, mouth,tooth teeth, tongue,tear, neck, shoulders, arm, finger, paw,nail, chest, tummy, belly, hips, foot, toe,knee
家庭成员及形容词:【 father,brother, mother, sister, baby, girl, boy, name, good, best, kind】nice, sweet, cute, smart, lovely, adorable, beautiful, handsome, nasty, naughty, tricky, mean, noisy, dirty, messy, quiet, happy, excited, sad, grumpy, angry, funny,  silly, mad, bad, young, younger, old, older,grown-up,tall, taller, interesting, boring, bored, curious, lazy
daddy, mommy,grandpa, grandma, uncle, aunt, friend,child, children
吃的东西及形容词:【apple, corn,bread, cake, egg, milk, full】hungry, spicy, hot, salty, sweet, sour, bitter, yummy, delicious, disgusting,yuk, crunchy, slimy, fresh, rotten
Fruit, banana, straw-berry, orange, watermelon, peach,plum, pear, grape
Food, rice,porridge, noodle, dumpling, pizza, soup
Meat, pork, beef,sausage, bone, chicken, fish
Vegetable, cabbage, onion, pepper, potato, tomato,eggplant, seaweed, mushroom
Snacks, cookies,chips, candy, lollipop, ice-cream, chewinggum, peanut
Drinks, water,juice, coke, honey, sugar
Spice, salt, oil, ginger, soybean
动物及形容词:【dog,cat, kitty,chicken, pig, cow, horse, sheep, rabbit, squirrel, bear, fish,duck, bird, fast】slow, ugly, weird, violent, cruel, clever, smooth, sharp, heavy,scary,poisonous, clumsy, fat, long short
lion, tiger,giraffe, deer, fox, zebra, monkey, mouse,mole, bunny, lamb, gorilla, elephant,rhino, hippo, seal, ant, caterpillar, turtle,snake, lizard, crocodile, cobra
shrimp, lobster,crab, shark, whale, goldfish,jellyfish, octopus
eagle, owl, dove,swan, goose, bee, bat, spider, sparrow,butterfly, fly, dragonfly, mosquito
frog, grasshopper,beetle, ladybug, worm
家居及形容词:【home, door,bell, ring, table, chair, picture, window, floor, bed, fire,money, paper】clean, comfortable, cozy, high,heavy
sitting room,hall, porch, TV, telephone, computer,air-conditioner, curtain, carpet, sofa,stool, cup, teapot, tissue paper,
book-shelf,story-book, picture book,
bedroom, lamp, light, blanket, covers, sheets, rug, closet, drawer, mirror, comb
bathroom, toilet, toilet paper, toothpaste,toothbrush, towel, basin, sink, hook, mop, trash can
dining-room,kitchen, bowl, plate, spoon, fork, knife,chop-sticks, gas stove, dish,cutting-board, bottle, basket, frying-pan
室外环境及形容词:【house, garden,seed, tree, flower, grass, ground, stick】slippery, rough
fountain, leaf,leaves, lawn, meadow
玩具、娱乐:【toy, ball,doll, box, song, game】
rattle, swing, slide, see-saw, sand-box,merry-go-round, bouncing bed, hide-and-seek, spade, bucket, castle, blocks, puzzle, skate, scooter, bike, kite, robot, movie, music
交通工具:【boat, car】plane, helicopter,air-plane, rocket, spaceship, bus, motorcycle, tricycle,truck, train, ship,subway
天气及形容词:【sun,wind, rain, snow, ice, cold, warm, hot】cloud, frost, sunny, windy, rainy,snowy, cloudy, dry, wet, humid, muddy, chilly
衣服及形容词:【coat, shoe,new, old】
hat, cap, scarf,mittens, gloves, glasses
shorts, skirt,pants, trousers, pajamas, shirt, vest,jacket, sweater, sleeves
slippers, sandals, socks, shoes, boots,
小区周边环境:【thing, way, street, hill, wood, letter, farm, school】sidewalk,pavement,highway, bus-stop, playground, park, supermarket, shop, restaurant,postoffice, bank, hospital, picnic
职业:【farmer】doctor, nurse, fever,cold, headache, stomachache, fever, shoppingassistant, trolley, police,policeman, driver, teacher, student
时间及形容词:【time, day,morning, night】noon, evening, today,tonight, tomorrow, yesterday, summer, autumn, winter,spring, o’clock, dark,late
节庆:【birthday,Christmas, Santa Claus, party, pumpkin】decoration, stocking, reindeer, sled, present, gift, Halloween, trick,treat,ghost, costume,
童话角色: fairy, queen,king,prince, princess, crown, pirate, witch, ogre, monster, giant, dwarf, magic wand,cruel, wicked, scary, horrible, terrible, powerful, coward, chicken-hearted, brave, generous
三、基本动作:
【come, go, run, jump,look, see, watch, find, make, play, help, said,please, have, like,want, eat, get, ride, say, came, ran, saw, went, ate, thank,let, stop, walk, ask, fly, know, live, open, put,think, take, give, giving,had, has, buy, call, wash, wish, work, write,sing, sit, sleep, tell, pull,read, use, made, found, gave, goes, clean, cut,done, draw, drink, got, grow,hold, hurt, keep, laugh, pick, got, show, start,try, fall, bring, carry】kiss, hug, crawl, roll, hop, climb, kick, tickle, scratch, dig, slide,swing, swim, stomp, step,roar, sneeze, yawn, cough, hiccup, blow, rub, bump, boo, pee, feed, tuck, spit, shake, shook, throw, threw, catch, cry, fell, hang,turn, listen, hear, heard, got, drive, sweep, swept, close, rode, grew, sat, drank,flew, made, knew, took,bought, sang, slept, told, brought, kept, thought, wrote,dance
Come here, come back, come in, go out, go away, go together with, jump up, jump down, look at, look around, look for, look after, look out,watch out, give to, give up, find out, play together with, ride on, ask for,put on, put up, put away, fall down,fall off, grow up, sit down, hold still, hold on, laugh at, pick up, try on, try your best, do your best, take off, kick off, pull up, run away, have to, want to, turn around, turn into, turn on, turn off, listen to, tuck in, hang onto, hang on, hang up, slide down,
介词:【in, away, to,up, down, for, with, at, into, on, out, under, from, over,by, of,after, before, around, off, upon, together】behind, in frontof, without
副词:【not, no, yes,here,there, now, soon, well, too, so, as, much, then, once, again, just,round,always, never, only, very, about, today, right】everywhere,anywhere,either  

四、比较固定语法词汇
情态动词:【can, must,will,could, may, shall, would】
系动词【is, am, are,was, were, be, been, get】turn, isn’t,wasn’t
助动词:【do, did, does,don't, have, has,had】don’t, didn’t, haven’t , hasn’t
连接词及引导词:【and, but, so, as,then, after,when, how, what, who, which, why before, or, if, because】
指示代词:【that, this, these,those】
人称代词:【I, we, you, it,he,she, they, all both】
                【me, us, him, her, them】
                【my, our, her, his, your, their, its, both, myself, own】
                 themselves,itself,yourself, ourselves, herself, himself
不定代词:【all, some, any, every】anything, everything, everyone,anyone, someone
疑问代词、副词:【where, what,who, when, how, which, why】
冠词:【a, the, an】







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